Tiny Hack—Extracting Small File from a Large Zip File in the Cloud
Today I had a problem. I have a large (2GB) file in the cloud (Dropbox) which I suspect has a small file that I need from it. I don’t want to download the whole 2GB file to my local machine and I definitely don’t want to extract the whole file to my local hard disk just to see if the file is there.
I discovered that Dropbox actually has a nice feature where it will open largish zip files in preview to extract files, but it’s limited to .5GB, so not quite large enough for my needs.
I found with Expandrive (highly-recommended), I can mount my Dropbox folder without downloading any content, so at least that exposes the target zip file to my local workstation without downloading it.
Now I just need an application to open the zip file locally and explore/extract its contents. On Windows, I would have just opened the file in Explorer, but since I’m on macOS, I’ve got to track down an alternative.
Since I’m on macOS, I tried Fuse. I installed Fuse and through Homebrew installed fuse-zip. From there, I was able to attempt to mount the file, but when I ran
fuse-zip file.zip /Volumes/file, it blocked for a very long time, as if it had to read the whole file just to set up the mount :(.
I realized I could download some third-party Zip file explorer, but searching online and in the mac App Store, I found no obvious reputable solution. Then I remembered that Python 3.8 has a new routine to make it easier to traverse zip files like pathlib objects, and since my shell is already running under Python 3.8, I just started inspecting the file:
$ import zipfile $ root = zipfile.Path('/Volumes/Dropbox/path/to/myfile.zip') $ list(root.iterdir()) [Path('/Volumes/Dropbox/path/to/myfile.zip', 'Takeout/')] $ [x.name for x in (root / 'Takeout').iterdir()] ['archive_browser.html', 'Contacts', 'Calendar', 'Tasks', 'Hangouts', 'Drive', 'Mail']
Once I found the file I needed, I wanted to save it, so I wrote this quick function:
$ def save_text(path): . with open(path.name, 'wb') as strm: . strm.write(path.read_bytes()) .
Then ran it:
$ save_text(root / 'Takeout/Drive/some doc.docx')
And then I had a copy of the file I needed, transmitting only the bytes of the file and some overhead metadata. Hooray!